As you write your discussion section, look back on your results section to ensure that all the data you need is there to fully support the conclusions you reach psychological association recommends including effect sizes in your results section so that readers can appreciate the importance of your study's. Discussion your discussion section has two fundamental aims: to explain the results of your study to explore the significance of your study's findings therefore you need to: the discussion is also the place in a report where any qualifications or reservations you have about the research should be aired statistically. A discussion section is typically organized around several key components presented in a logical sequence including synthesis and new scientific contribution of the work (sternberg & gordeva, 2006) what are the most important implications for clinical care and policy. To this end, they must emphasize both the motivation for the work and the outcome of it, and they must include just enough evidence to establish the validity of this the conclusion section presents the outcome of the work by interpreting the findings at a higher level of abstraction than the discussion and by relating these. Explaining the meaning of the results to the reader is the purpose of the discussion section of a research paper there are elements of the discussion that should be included and other things that should be avoided always write the discussion for the reader remember that the focus should be to help the reader understand. This section describes an organizational structure commonly used to report experimental research in many scientific disciplines, the imrad format: introduction, methods, results, and discussion although the main headings are standard for many scientific fields, details may vary check with your instructor, or, if submitting. The discussion section usually requires the most consideration, as this is where you interpret your results it is important to acknowledge the shortcomings or caveats of the research project, generally include these near the beginning of the conclusion or earlier in the discussion.
Writing the discussion the discussion section is a framing section, like the introduction, which returns to the significance argument set up in your introduction so reread your introduction carefully before writing the discussion you will discuss how the hypothesis has been demonstrated by the new research and then show. The first part of this post briefly described what to include in the introduction and materials and methods sections of a typical research paper written in the imrad format (introduction, materials and methods, results, and discussion) in this part , i'll discuss the results and discussion sections writing the. In one or two sentences, state the main models or strategies that you used to study this specific research question this should recapitulate whether the work included animals, cell culture, human subjects, or other novel techniques (some investigators prefer to place this section at the end of the first. The discussion section includes interpretations, comparisions, conclusion, implications for practice or policy, and directions for future research somewhere in the discussion section of every social science or health journal article, the limitations of your study must appear these vary from just a sentence.
This section should highlight significant or interesting findings along with p values for statistical tests be sure to include negative results and highlight potential limitations of the paper you will be criticised by the reviewers if you don' t discuss the shortcomings of your research this often makes up for a. Discussion | acknowledgments | literature cited | title make your title an abstract, or summary, is published together with a research article, giving the reader a preview of what's to come look at other papers that have been published in your field to get some idea of what is included in this section 2 if you had a.
This is probably why many students struggle when it comes to writing their discussion on these pages, you'll find answers to some of the questions you may have been asking yourself (or your friends, or your supervisor), as well as some examples of discussion sections from past theses we've also included some. In other words, the majority of the discussion and conclusions sections should be an interpretation of your results however doing this actually makes a positive impression of your paper as it makes it clear that you have an in depth understanding of your topic and can think objectively of your research discuss what your. References to previous research: compare your results with the findings from other studies, or use the studies to support a claim this can include re-visiting key sources already cited in your literature review section, or, save them to cite later in the discussion section if they are more important to compare with your results. The purpose of the discussion section is to explain what your results mean and what contribution your paper makes to the field of study the discussion section is your some journals include an actual summary or conclusion section at the end of published articles, where these summary points belong whether such a.
Writing a discussion section is where you really begin to add your interpretations to the work using the discussion section to expand knowledge you should always put your findings into the context of the previous research that you found during your literature review do your results agree or disagree with previous. This is because, if the discussion is insufficient, how can you objectively demonstrate the scientific significance of your work in the introduction write a clear cannot refer to others here if you refer to others, is because you are discussing your results, and this must be included in the discussion section. For academic writing help, consider these tips on how to write discussion section of your academic article limitations and suggestions for future research can either be included in one sub-section, or two, depending on the length of the discussion for each one of them for your academic article's limitations, you should. 4 days ago the discussion section is often considered the most important part of your research paper because this is where you: this can include re-visiting key sources already cited in your literature review section, or, save them to cite later in the discussion section if they are more important to compare with your.
In this way you relate your own results to the store of scientific knowledge in a short report, your discussion section will also include your conclusion(s) and you can therefore use other headings such as 'discussion and conclusion', or simply 'conclusion(s)' it is also acceptable to use the heading 'interpretation. It is important that everything in this last section is based off of the results of the data analysis in an empirical research study, the conclusions and recommendations must be directly related to the data that was collected and analyzed simply put, look at the key topics in the conclusion and recommendations if that topic was. With your methods section, as with the sections above, you want to walk your readers through your study almost as if they were a participant what happened first what happened next the method section includes the following sub- sections i participants: discuss who was enrolled in your experiment.
Content or in your writing style – see below) and to focus on research findings that have been put forth previously (the intro section), that you have looked at and how (the purpose (hypothesis), and method section), and what your findings were (the results and discussion section) • research papers although generally. This section of the research gateway shows you how to discuss the results you found similarities between your results and the existing work of others discussion chapter should it include direct links to existing literature or is this to be done in a subsequent section • are there written guidelines on what is required. Dear awatef discussion is one of the hardest section in research paper or thesis it needs experience, learning and practice it is not a way to restate your results however, needs to link between your work and others and convince the readers that you work to agree or disagree with other work based on good discussion. Do not introduce new results in the discussion although you might occasionally include in this section tables and figures which help explain something you are discussing, they must not contain new data (from your study) that should have been presented earlier they might be flow diagrams,.
This article gives doctoral dissertation students valuable guidance on how to go about writing their discussion chapter these include stating your interpretations, declaring your opinions, explaining the effects of your findings, and making suggestions and predictions for future research with the main. A complete research paper in apa style that is reporting on experimental research will typically contain a title page, abstract, introduction, methods, results, discussion, and references sections1 many will also contain figures and tables and some will have an appendix or appendices these sections are detailed as.